Conímbriga is a fascinating archaeological site located in the municipality of Condeixa-a-Nova, in Portugal. It dates back to the Roman period and is a popular tourist attraction for those looking to explore the ancient ruins of this once bustling city. The ruins are renowned for their unique mosaics, structures, and artifacts. With its rich history and stunning architecture, Conímbriga is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in the Roman era of Portugal.


History of Conímbriga

Conímbriga was originally an Iron Age settlement which was later occupied by the Romans in the late 2nd century BC. It is believed to have been one of the most populous cities in the region at the time, and was an important trade hub for the Roman Empire. Evidence of its importance can be seen in the many impressive structures, artifacts, and grand mosaics that remain today.

The site was abandoned in the 5th century AD and forgotten until its rediscovery in the 18th century. Excavations began in the 19th century, and since then, much of the ancient city has been uncovered.


What to See

Conímbriga is home to a variety of impressive ruins, many of which are well-preserved. The Forum is the largest and most impressive, with its impressive columns and intricate mosaics. The Forum was the hub of the city and served as the center for public life. It was surrounded by the city walls, which were built to protect the city from its enemies.

The Baths of Conímbriga are also a highlight of the site and are renowned for their beautiful mosaics. The baths were a popular spot for socializing and relaxation and featured a variety of pools and steam rooms.

The Temple of Jupiter is another interesting structure on the site. It was built in the 1st century AD and is one of the best-preserved temples in Portugal. The temple is dedicated to the Roman god Jupiter and features a number of carved stone sculptures.

The House of the Fountains is a great example of a typical Roman home. The house is made up of a number of rooms, with the main room featuring a large mosaic depicting a fountain surrounded by figures.

Finally, the site boasts a number of artifacts, including coins, pottery, jewelry, and sculptures. All of these can be seen in the on-site museum, which is a great way to get a better understanding of life in the city during the Roman era.



Conímbriga is a fascinating archaeological site which boasts a wealth of impressive ruins and artifacts. It is a great place to explore the Roman period of Portugal and is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in the ancient world. The ruins are an incredible reminder of the city’s past, and are a great way to experience the culture and history of the region.

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