Introduction to Gardez

Gardez is the capital of Paktia province, located in the eastern part of Afghanistan. The city is nestled in a green valley surrounded by the majestic Spin Ghar mountains. Gardez has a long and interesting history, having been established as a trading center in the 13th century. It is a major cultural and political hub in the region, and also serves as the provincial capital.

Gardez is home to a vibrant culture and a unique landscape, and is a popular tourist destination in Afghanistan. The city has a rich architectural heritage, with many beautiful mosques, shrines, and monuments. It is also known for its lively street markets, where visitors can buy traditional Afghan handicrafts, jewelry, and carpets.


Things to Do in Gardez

Gardez has plenty to offer for travelers. Here are the top five activities and attractions to check out during your visit:

  • Visit the Local Mosques: Gardez is home to some of the most beautiful and historically significant mosques in Afghanistan. The most famous of these is the Grand Mosque, which dates back to the 13th century. Visiting the mosques is a great way to learn more about the city and the region’s culture and history.
  • Explore the Street Markets: Gardez is home to lively street markets, where visitors can find traditional Afghan handicrafts, jewelry, carpets, and other souvenirs. These markets are a great way to experience the local culture and pick up some unique items to take home.
  • Check Out the Historic Sites: Gardez is home to many historic sites, including the old fort of Turi Kallay, which dates back to the 12th century. The fort is a great place to learn more about the city’s past and its importance in Afghan history.
  • Hike the Spin Ghar mountains: The Spin Ghar mountain range is one of the most beautiful places in Afghanistan, and a great place to go hiking. The range offers stunning views of the valley and the surrounding landscape.
  • Visit the Surrounding Villages: Gardez is surrounded by some of the most picturesque villages in Afghanistan. Taking a day trip to one of these villages is a great way to experience the local culture and hospitality.



Gardez is an oasis of historical and cultural wonders. With its rich cultural heritage, stunning architecture, and unique landscape, it is an ideal destination for travelers looking to explore the beauty and culture of Afghanistan. Whether you’re interested in visiting the mosques, exploring the street markets, or hiking the Spin Ghar mountains, Gardez has something to offer everyone. So make sure to add this city to your itinerary when visiting Afghanistan.

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