Brazil, officially known as the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in South America and the fifth-largest in the world by both area and population. It is bordered by all South American countries except Chile and Ecuador. To the east, Brazil has a long Atlantic Ocean coastline, stretching over 7,400 kilometers (4,600 miles).

The capital of Brazil is Brasília, a planned city inaugurated in 1960. The largest city is São Paulo, which is also a major economic and cultural hub. Rio de Janeiro, another major city, is famous worldwide for its iconic landmarks such as the Christ the Redeemer statue, Sugarloaf Mountain, and its vibrant Carnival festival.

Brazil is known for its vast and diverse geography, which includes the Amazon rainforest, the Pantanal wetlands, the Atlantic Forest, and extensive savannas. The Amazon River, the second-longest river in the world, flows through Brazil, contributing to its rich biodiversity.

The official language of Brazil is Portuguese, making it the largest Portuguese-speaking country in the world. Brazil’s population is diverse, with a mix of Indigenous, European, African, and Asian influences, which is reflected in its culture, cuisine, and traditions.

Economically, Brazil has the largest economy in South America and is a major global player in agriculture, mining, energy, and manufacturing. It is one of the world’s leading producers of coffee, soybeans, sugarcane, and beef.

Culturally, Brazil is known for its music genres such as samba, bossa nova, and forró, as well as its dance traditions. Football (soccer) is the most popular sport, and Brazil has produced many legendary players, including Pelé and Neymar. The country also hosts numerous cultural festivals and events that highlight its rich heritage and vibrant lifestyle.

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