Cromlech of Almendres

Cromlech Of Almendres

Cromlech of Almendres: An Ancient Megalithic Monument

The Cromlech of Almendres, also known as the Almendres Cromlech, is a megalithic monument located in the civil parish of Nossa Senhora de Guadalupe, in the municipality of Evora, Portugal. It is the oldest megalithic monument in the Iberian Peninsula, believed to have been constructed between 6500 and 5000 BC.

 

The Monument

The Cromlech of Almendres is composed of dozens of granite standing stones, arranged in circles, elliptical shapes, and avenues. The main circle, which is the largest of the structures, is composed of 95 granite monoliths that measure between one and two meters in height. It is believed that the monument served as an astronomical observatory, as the stones are arranged in a manner that is aligned with the movements of the sun and the moon.

 

Archaeological Significance of the Cromlech of Almendres

The Cromlech of Almendres is an extremely important archaeological site, as it is one of the most important megalithic monuments in the Iberian Peninsula. It is believed to be one of the oldest megalithic monuments in Europe and is an important source of information about the beliefs, rituals, and practices of the ancient people who built it.

The site is also important for its unique design and structure. The alignment of the stones and their orientation towards the sunrise and sunset suggest that the monument was used in some kind of astronomical observations. Additionally, the presence of cup and ring marks on several of the stones may indicate the presence of a ritual or religious significance to the monument.

 

Visiting the Cromlech of Almendres

The Cromlech of Almendres is open to visitors and can be accessed from the nearby town of Evora. There is a small entry fee for visitors, and there are guided tours available. Visitors should note that the monument is located in an open field and the site can be quite muddy during the wetter months, so appropriate footwear should be worn.

The Cromlech of Almendres is an important and fascinating archaeological site that provides visitors with an insight into the beliefs and practices of the ancient people who lived in the Iberian Peninsula. It is an important source of information about the megalithic culture of the region and the importance of astronomical observation in ancient societies.

 

Conclusion

The Cromlech of Almendres is an ancient megalithic monument located in Evora, Portugal. It is one of the oldest megalithic monuments in Europe and is composed of dozens of granite standing stones arranged in circles, elliptical shapes, and avenues. It is believed to have been used as an astronomical observatory and is an important source of information about the beliefs, rituals, and practices of the ancient people who built it. Visitors to the site can enjoy a unique insight into the megalithic culture of the region and the importance of astronomical observation in ancient societies.

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